‘Deep Map’: 100th Anniversary of the Second Battle of Ypres

This week marks the 100th Anniversary of what Canadians know as the Second Battle of Ypres. On the afternoon of 22 April 1915, the forward elements of 1st  Canadian Division were still preparing their shallow trenches in the farmland just north of Ypres, Belgium. At 5:00 PM, reports began of a greenish yellow cloud drifting […]

Second World War Canadian Army Air Photos – By Rebekah Petzold

The First Canadian Army Air Photo collection was brought to the Laurier Center for Military Strategic and Disarmament Studies (LCMSDS) in 1985. Originally being used for the Air Photo Interpretation Section of the First Canadian Army during the Normandy Campaign and Northwest Europe in 1944-45, it was transported after the war to the air photo […]

Benzedrine Sulphate used in War Operations – by Brook Durham

The mechanized nature of warfare during the Second World War tested the limits of human endurance. Physical exhaustion had always concerned military commanders, but technological advances in the 1930s and 1940s created new possibilities for conducting operations across great distances, at any time of the day, including night warfare. Mechanized vehicles in the army, navy […]

Bayonet Training and Application – by Ben Toews

In the decades prior to the outbreak of the First World War, weapons technology underwent an upgrade. The introduction of machine guns and quick-fire artillery significantly changed the dynamics of waging war. Despite the lethality of the new firepower, however, a strong belief in the bayonet as an essential component for victory remained in Commonwealth […]